Roman Gateway to Patara, Turkey
Ancient Patara was a wealthy port city at the mouth of the Xanthos River. It was said to have been founded by Patarus, a son of Apollo. The city was noted in antiquity for its temple and oracle of Apollo, second only to that of Delphi.
Patara was originally a Lycian settlement and then served as an important naval base during the wars of Alexander the Great’s successors. It later became part of the Lycian League and then a thriving port within the Roman Empire. Sometime during the Middle Ages the harbour of Patara silted up, rendering the port useless.
These are a selection of source books and scholarly works on the fascinating (and often overlooked) subject of women in antiquity:
Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity, by Sarah B. Pomeroy, an essential study of the lives of women in Greece and Rome. “The first treatment to reflect the critical insights of modern feminism.” — Mary Beard
"The pages of Snyder’s text are filled with stirring revelations about women’s achievements."—Susan C. Jarratt, Composition Chronicle
All titles link to the book’s Amazon page.
Statue of Sekhmet Temple of Mut Luxor Egypt Unknown photographer
Marble head of a woman 1st century A.D. Roman
Copy of a Hellenistic statue of the 3rd or 2nd century B.C.
Coiffures with corkscrew curls were fashionable in Egypt and Cyrene during the Ptolemaic period. This head must have represented an important person, as several other copies are known today.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art